CHVs are trained to make household visits in their community and identify early symptoms of diseases. At these household visits, CHVs are trained to provide health education on how to prevent disease as well as to identify any troubling symptoms. They are also trained to provide referrals to nearby clinics and health facilities for treatment, and to report the disease cases to trained health workers like nurses.
Health workers like nurses are trained to identify diseases, provide improved treatment to patients, and to record and report cases of diseases that will be collected at both local-level and national-level databases.
Amref is also preventing disease outbreaks through the use of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health’s Event Based Surveillance (EBS) guideline. The guide includes reporting tools that make it easy for CHVs and health workers to collect information on diseases, and a toll-free number that they can call at any time to report cases of disease and potential outbreaks. This enables a rapid response to potential outbreaks.
CHVs are now able to quickly report the suspected presence of diseases like measles and cholera and symptoms like hemorrhagic fevers. In 2019, we saw an increase in the number of disease cases that CHVs referred to health facilities for treatment.